Nipah Virus (NiV): What do we know?
Being a mother and living in South of India, I was disturbed when I heard about the Nipah Virus and the number of lives it has taken. The NIV infection as it is popularly known causes severe conditions in both humans and animals. It has an array of clinical representations ranging from an acute respiratory syndrome, asymptomatic infection and fatal encephalitis. Sadly, the condition is not only, but there is no vaccine for animals or humans. According to experts it is an airborne infection and can infect anyone who comes in direct contact with the contaminated body.
1. As it inflames the brain. High fever is one of the most common symptoms.
2. It also causes disorientation, mental confusion and persistent drowsiness.
3. Respiratory issues and choking
4. The infection can also cause coma within 24-48 hours if not taken care of.
5. Some other symptoms include headache, nausea and stomach ache.
6. Muscle pain, sore throat, Pneumonia are few other symptoms.
Nipah virus is diagnosed with a combination of tests namely:
• Nasal and throat swabs sent to the laboratory for testing
• Blood test
• Virus detection and isolation
• Urine test
• Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis
• Serious respiratory infections
• Brain swelling
• Progression to Coma
Prevention and Cure:
• There is no vaccine available, and so the only treatment is through intensive supportive care.
• Drinking date palm sap should be avoided; if bitten by bat it can cause NiV
• Not all hospitals are aware of the symptoms and so educating people around about the signs can avert human to human infection.
• Wearing gloves and masks can be a good precautionary measure, especially if you are in a crowded place like a hospital.
NIPAH Virus Precaution for the Little ones
• Babies have a weak immune system, and hence my only focus was to take good care of my baby. While babies need nutrition apart from milk, they must be kept away from raw fruits and vegetables for the time being. These fruits and veggies can be contaminated by bats and might have bat faeces around them. Instead, I am feeding my baby the ready to eat organic fruit purees which are not only healthy but extremely safe.
• Keep the baby away from infected people or dead bodies.
• Keep them away from bats and pigs.
• Do not take the baby to crowded places.
• Always sanitise before feeding the baby.
• Wash their clothes, buckets and mugs thoroughly with a disinfectant.
Precaution is better than cure, especially when the disease has no cure.
Note/Declaimer – The content of this article/blog is sourced from different sources and expert references. Please immediately visit a specialist doctor for consultation if you are feeling any discomfort for medical attention. The content is for informational purpose only as well as to give you general understanding of the effects/conditions of NIV/Nipah, not to provide specific medical advice. Using this website you understand that there is no legal relationship between you and the website/blog publisher. This blog/website should not be used as a medical consultant and / or fact verifier in any way to substitute a Doctor’s or a professional’s advice.